塑料袋到底要不要收费, 看看卫生官怎么说?

我们发布了一篇关于餐饮和外卖,要对送餐和取餐的新塑料袋收费的文章,

有一些顾客还有一些疑问,认为是不需要收费的。

为此,我们咨询了Brighton and Hove City Council 地方政府卫生官,John Demetriou给了我们如下的回复:重点部分翻译如下

你好是的,政府要求对新塑料袋费的法律已经开始生效。具体规定请登录Carrier bag charges: retailers’ responsibilities – GOV.UK (www.gov.uk)

我的贸易标准局的同事给了如下的答复。看来外卖是需要收新塑料袋的钱,因为在可以免收费的类别里,我看不到包括外卖。

下面是我同事的具体答复:

从2021年5月21号开始你(外卖)必须向新塑料袋收费, 这个塑料袋是没有被用过的,用来取餐或送餐的,并且它的规格是小于或等于70 microns的。

不需要收费的袋子类别,包括如下(我们翻译相关的红色重点内容):

  • 没有包装的食品塑料袋: 这个袋子是只用于包装完整或部分的人或动物吃的食品。 该食品外面只有这个塑料袋包装,没有其他包装。 (也就是说,这个塑料袋是唯一的包装。)不用收费。
  • 已经支付过费用, 返还给商家再次使用的塑料袋,不需要收费。

根据如上的答案, 回答一些老板的问题:

1 我可以自己决定是否收费吗?

答: 如果不属于塑料袋不收费的类别, 您应该按照法律要求收费。

  1. 纸塑料袋不是也要收费?

答: 不需要, 因为它不是塑料。

  1. 我不想对新塑料袋收费怎么办?

答: 换成纸袋或让顾客支付一次费用, 用完后返还给你, 再使用袋子就不用收费, 让顾客自己带袋子也是一个方法, 很多人已经熟悉和习惯了,他们去超市都是自己带袋子。

  1. 我还是觉得不清楚怎么办?

请打电话咨询您当地的地方政府的贸易标准局Trading Standards部门咨询和核实。

5 我到底该不该做这件事情?

答: 除了法律规定之外, 对于保护环境我们每个人都有责任, 如果我们今天努力, 日后我们的子孙后代就会有青山绿水。 更多的英国居民都有保护环境的意识, 他们一般都会配合, 没准因为他们看到您努力做事, 还会跟顾客聊天说 xxx外卖对塑料袋收费, 您可能因此增加了珍惜世界的新顾客呢。

卫生官英文原文回复如下:

Yes, the 10p charge for bags has come into force:

Carrier bag charges: retailers’ responsibilities – GOV.UK (www.gov.uk)

It is not my area- more trading Standards but it looks like it applies to take-aways as well as I cannot see them in the exemptions.

My Trading Standard colleagues sent me the following information:

Takeaways should charge for Carrier Bags if:

 From 21 May 2021 you must charge a minimum of 10 pence a bag (including VAT) for single-use carrier bags that are all of the following: unused – it’s new and has not already been used for sold goods to be taken away or delivered. plastic and 70 microns thick or less.

20

 Exemptions

The supply of certain single-use carrier bags are exempt from the minimum charge; see details of these exemptions below:

  • unwrapped food bag. A bag intended to be used solely to contain wholly or partly unwrapped food for human or animal consumption
  • unwrapped loose seeds bag. A bag intended to be used solely to contain wholly or partly unwrapped loose seeds, bulbs, corns, rhizomes, flowers or goods contaminated by soil
  • unwrapped blades bag. A bag intended to be used solely to contain wholly or partly unwrapped axes, knives, knife blades or razor blades
  • prescription-only medicine bag. A bag intended to be used solely to contain a prescription-only medicine, a pharmacy medicine or a listed appliance sold in accordance with a prescription
  • uncooked meat food bag. A bag intended to be used solely to contain uncooked fish or fish products, meat or meat products, or poultry or poultry products
  • live aquatic creatures bag. A bag intended to be used solely to contain live aquatic creatures in water
  • returnable multiple reuse bag (often called a ‘bag for life’). A bag that all of the following apply to: 
    • sold for 10p or more
    • intended to be returnable to the seller from which it was purchased to be replaced free of charge
    • made from material with a thickness of between 50 and 70 microns
    • has a width and height both greater than 404 mm, and either the width or the height greater than 439 mm (disregarding the width of any gussets, or the height of any handles extending above the main body of the bag)
  • woven plastic bag. A bag constructed from material that is made by interlacing long threads passing in one direction with others at a right angle to them
  • transit goods bag. A bag that is intended to be used to carry goods in a ‘transit place’ – for example, on board a ship, train, aircraft, coach or bus
  • sealed transit bag. A bag that is intended to be used to carry alcohol or tobacco, and is sealed after the item is placed in it in a ‘restricted area’ under aviation legislation (the bags used to carry ‘duty free’ purchases in airports)

single-use carrier bags that would otherwise be subject to the minimum charge but have been re-used.

 

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